The Lancet Commissions
Health and climate change: policy responses to protect public health
Nick Watts, W Neil Adger, Paolo Agnolucci, J ason Blackstock, Peter Byass, Wenjia Cai, Sarah Chaytor, Tim Colbourn, Mat Collins, Adam Cooper, Peter M Cox, Joanna Depledge, Paul Drummond, Paul Ekins, Victor Galaz, Delia Grace, Hilary Graham, Michael Grubb, Andy Haines, Ian Hamilton, Alasdair Hunter, Xujia Jiang, Moxuan Li, Ilan Kelman, Lu Liang, Melissa Lott, Robert Lowe, Yong Luo, Georgina Mace, Mark Maslin, Maria Nilsson, Tadj Oreszczyn, Steve Pye, Tara Quinn, My Svensdotter, Sergey Venevsky, Koko Warner, Bing Xu, Jun Yang, Yongyuan Yin, Chaoqing Yu, Qiang Zhang, Peng Gong, Hugh Montgomery, Anthony Costello
The Lancet, 2015
The Lancet Commissions
Published online: 22 June 2015
Executive Summary / Informe Ejecutivo:
The 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change has been formed to map out the impacts of climate change, and the necessary policy responses, in order to ensure the highest attainable standards of health for populations worldwide. This Commission is multidisciplinary and international in nature, with strong collabor ation between academic centres in Europe and China. The central fi nding from the Commission’s work is that tackling climate change could be the greatest global health opportunity of the 21st century. The key messages from the Commission are summarised below, accompanied by ten underlying recommendations to accelerate action in the next 5 years.
Keywords / Palabras clave:
Climate Change; Environmental Health; Public Health; Global Health
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[Note from HIFA moderator (Neil PW): Below are the ten recommendations]
The Commission recommends that over the next 5 years, governments:
1 Invest in climate change and public health research, monitoring, and surveillance to ensure a better understanding of the adaptation needs and the potential health co-benefits of climate mitigation at the local and national level.
2 Scale-up financing for climate resilient health systems world-wide….
3 Protect cardiovascular and respiratory health by ensuring a rapid phase out of coal from the global energy mix…
4 Encourage a transition to cities that support and promote lifestyles that are healthy for the individual and for the planet…
5 Establish the framework for a strong, predictable, and international carbon pricing mechanism…
6 Rapidly expand access to renewable energy in low-income and middle-income countries…
7 Support accurate quantification of the avoided burden of disease, reduced health-care costs, and enhanced economic productivity associated with climate change mitigation…
8 Adopt mechanisms to facilitate collaboration between Ministries of Health and other government departments, empowering health professionals and ensuring that health and climate considerations are thoroughly integrated in government-wide strategies…
9 Agree and implement an international agreement that supports countries in transitioning to a low-carbon economy…
To help drive this transition, the 2015 Lancet Commission on Health and Climate Change will:
10 Develop a new, independent Countdown to 2030: Global Health and Climate Action, to provide expertise in implementing policies that mitigate climate change and promote public health, and to monitor progress over the next 15 years. The Collaboration will be led by this Commission, reporting in The Lancet every 2 years, tracking, supporting, and communicating progress and success along a range of indicators in global health and climate change.
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